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Introduction to html course

HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language, which is a standardized system of tags and codes used to create web pages. It is a markup language, which means it uses tags to define elements on a page, such as headings, paragraphs, links, images, and more. HTML provides the basic structure and content of a web page, allowing web browsers to display the page in a visually appealing and easily navigable format.

Structure: HTML documents are made up of elements, which are defined by HTML tags. The most basic structure of an HTML document includes the following tags:

History:

HTML was first introduced in 1990 by Tim Berners-Lee, a British computer scientist who invented the World Wide Web. The first version of HTML, HTML 1.0, was very basic and only included a small number of tags for formatting text. Over time, new versions of HTML were developed to add more features and functionality, such as the ability to add images, tables, and forms.

The most widely used version of HTML today is HTML5, which was released in 2014. HTML5 includes many new features, such as native video and audio support, new form controls, and improved accessibility for users with disabilities.

Other information:
HTML Basics example with explanations

Basic HTML document structure


<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <title>Page Title</title> !-- Closing the title tag --!
  </head> !-- Closing the head tag --!
  <body>
    <!-- h1 Heading here -->
    <p>Paragraph text goes here.</p> !-- Closing the p tag --!
  </body>  !-- Closing the body tag --!
</html>   !-- Closing the html tag --!

This is the basic structure of an HTML document. The <!DOCTYPE html> declaration specifies the version of HTML being used. The html element contains the entire document, including the head and body sections. The head section contains meta information about the document, such as the title, while the body section contains the visible content of the page.


Adding headings


<h1>Heading 1</h1>
<h2>Heading 2</h2>
<h3>Heading 3</h3>

Headings are used to indicate the importance of different sections of content on a web page. There are six levels of headings in HTML, from <h1> (most important) to <h6> (least important).


Adding paragraphs


<p>This is a paragraph.</p>
<p>This is another paragraph.</p>

Paragraphs are used to group together related text content on a web page. The <p> element is used to define a paragraph, and the content of the paragraph is placed between the opening and closing tags.


Adding links


<a href="https://www.example.com">Link text</a>
  

Links are used to connect different web pages together. The a element is used to define a hyperlink, and the href attribute specifies the URL of the page being linked to.


Adding images


<img src="image.jpg" alt="Image description">
  

Images are used to enhance the visual appeal of a web page. The img element is used to define an image, and the src attribute specifies the URL of the image file. The alt attribute provides a text description of the image for users who are unable to see it.

Overall, HTML provides a simple and flexible way to create web pages with structured content and multimedia elements. Understanding the basics of HTML is essential for anyone interested in web development or design.