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Javascrip Functions

JavaScript Functions are blocks of reusable code that can be defined and executed at a later point in the program. They allow you to group a series of statements together and perform specific tasks. Here's the general syntax for defining a JavaScript function:

Here's the general syntax for defining a JavaScript function :


function functionName(parameters) {
  // Code block or statements
  // that define the function's behavior
}

Let's break down the components of a function definition:

Here's an example of a simple JavaScript function that takes two parameters and returns their sum :


function addNumbers(a, b) {
  var sum = a + b;
  return sum;
}

In this example, the function is named addNumbers and accepts two parameters ' a ' and ' b ' . It calculates their sum and stores it in the sum variable. The return statement is used to specify the value that the function should return when it is called. Once a function is defined, you can invoke or call it by using its name followed by parentheses and passing the required arguments, if any. For example:


var result = addNumbers(5, 7);
console.log(result); // Output: 12

In this case, the addNumbers function is called with arguments ' 5 ' and ' 7 ', and the returned value ' (12) ' is stored in the result variable. The value is then logged to the console.


Here are a few more examples of JavaScript function definitions with explanations:

Greet function


function greet(name) {
  return "Hello, " + name + "!";
}

Explanation: This function is named greet and accepts one parameter name. It concatenates the name parameter with the string "Hello, " and an exclamation mark. The resulting string is then returned as the output of the function.


CalculateArea Function


function calculateArea(length, width) {
  var area = length * width;
  return area;
}

Explanation: The calculateArea function takes two parameters, length and width. It multiplies these values to calculate the area and stores the result in the area variable. Finally, it returns the calculated area as the output of the function.


isEven Function


function isEven(number) {
  if (number % 2 === 0) {
    return true;
  } else {
    return false;
  }
}

Explanation: This function, isEven , checks whether a given number is even or not. It uses the modulo operator % to determine if the number is divisible by 2. If the remainder is 0, it means the number is even, so the function returns true. Otherwise, it returns false.


greetMultiple Function


function greetMultiple(names) {
  var greetings = [];
  for (var i = 0; i < names.length; i++) {
    greetings.push("Hello, " + names[i] + "!");
  }
  return greetings;
}

Explanation: The greetMultiple function takes an array of names as a parameter. It initializes an empty array called greetings to store the generated greetings. It then uses a for loop to iterate through each name in the names array and constructs a greeting for each name. The greetings are pushed into the greetings array. Finally, the array of greeting is returned as the output of the function.

These examples demonstrate different ways functions can be defined and used in JavaScript. They showcase the flexibility of functions to perform various tasks, including string manipulation, calculations, conditional checks, and iteration.